There are currently 98 confirmed groundwater conservation districts (GCDs) in Texas. GCDs are the state's preferred method of managing groundwater resources. The Texas Alliance of Groundwater Districts represents interests of GCDs on a legislative and educational level. Additionally, the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) is charged with protecting state groundwater resources, and the Texas Water Development Board (TWDB) is charged with guiding and financing development of adequate water supplies within Texas.
The Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation (TDLR) licenses and regulates water well drillers and pump installers in the state.